Peoples under Threat 2013 photo story: Risk of mass killing reaches critical level in Africa and the Middle East
Each year, Minority Rights Group’s annual Peoples under Threat survey lists countries where communities are most at threat of genocide or mass killing.
The latest survey, launched in July 2013, shows that sectarian killing between Sunni and Shi’a has risen dramatically and presents an urgent threat to life across much of the Middle East and into Asia.According to authoritative indicators factored into the Peoples under Threat analysis, Pakistan, Syria, Yemen and Egypt have all risen significantly in the table, with religious minorities at particular risk.
In Africa, the risk of mass killing has risen sharply in Libya and Mali, following recent foreign military intervention. The threat to populations remains critical in other African states, such as the Central African Republic, Somalia and the Democratic Republic of Congo, where there is a prolonged history of international military involvement.
To mark the launch of the 2013 Peoples under Threat ranking, MRG has put together this photo story to illustrate the peoples most at risk and the threats they are facing.
Read the global press release.
Read the Africa press release.
View the survey and briefing.
Peoples under Threat is funded by the European Union. This content is the sole responsibility of Minority Rights Group International and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the European Union.
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A man stands outside a Catholic church in Peshawar, Pakistan. Pakistan has risen prominently in the Peoples under Threat index this year, and has been at the centre of intense controversy concerning international intervention. Recent elections were marked by violence and the outcome shows deep regional divisions. Credit: Jared Ferrie/MRG. MRG-GAL-3002Download High Res This file may be low resolution. Please check before using it for print Download Low Res
Somali people at a detention centre in Benghazi, Libya. Large areas of the country remain under the effective control of different militia groups, and security has worsened for the population. Dark-skinned Libyans, including former residents of Tawergha, are vulnerable to racist attacks and arbitrary detention. Credit: UNHCR/L. Dobbs MRG-GAL-3003Download High Res This file may be low resolution. Please check before using it for print Download Low Res
Al-Akhdam children in Yemen. Yemen has risen in the Peoples under Threat index seven years in a row. In 2012, a major military offensive, supported by the US, targeted Islamic militants in the south, and the conflict displaced tens of thousands of civilians. Credit: All Youth Network MRG-GAL-3004Download High Res This file may be low resolution. Please check before using it for print Download Low Res
The Kasr el Dobara Church, situated just behind Tahrir square, Egypt. The country has risen significantly in the Peoples under Threat table, with religious minorities such as Copts at particular risk. Credit: Mark Lattimer/MRG MRG-GAL-3006Download High Res This file may be low resolution. Please check before using it for print Download Low Res
Hausa girls in Nigeria. Nigeria re-entered the Peoples under Threat top ten this year, as the threat rose from conflict between Christian and Muslim communities, much of it over land, in Plateau and neighbouring states and in the north-east. Credit: Mike Blyth MRG-GAL-3008Download High Res This file may be low resolution. Please check before using it for print Download Low Res
Tuareg man in Mali. The UN estimates that some 470,000 people have fled fighting in Mali, with Arabs and Tuaregs remaining at risk of reprisal attacks as well as inter-ethnic clashes in the north. Credit: BryanT MRG-GAL-3010Download High Res Download Low Res
Women pray at a Shi'a Mosque in Syria. At least 93,000 people are now estimated by the UN to have been killed in Syria's conflict. This is the third year in a row that Syria has risen in the index, and previous fears expressed in Peoples under Threat that Shi'a, Alawites, Assyrians, Kurds and Palestinians would become at risk of sectarian killings are sadly being increasingly realised. Credit: Katrine Syppli MRG-GAL-3012Download High Res This file may be low resolution. Please check before using it for print Download Low Res
Young Bambuti Pygmy girl at a displaced personsâ€™ camp in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The country has perennially been among the top ten in the Peoples under Threat rankings, and has been subject to multiple military interventions by both foreign armies and inter-governmental organizations over the course of decades. Credit: MRG. MRG-GAL-3013Download High Res Download Low Res