Ethiopia/Kenya/South Sudan: African Dam Project Threatens Massive Armed Conflict, Human and Environmental Devastation
This extensive report details the catastrophy facing indigenous pastoralists, agropastoralists and fishers in the tri-nation border region of Ethiopia, Kenya and South Sudan. It was posted in 2013 on the internet and is the predecessor to the more extensive book forthcoming (in April 2016) with Springer-Verlag Publishing, entitled, "River Basin Development and Human Rights in Eastern Africa — a Policy Crossroads."
Construction of one of the world’s tallest dams on the Omo River in southern Ethiopia will lead to mass starvation, armed conflict in a three-nation region, and environmental collapse, according to a new report from the African Resources Working Group.
Authored by University of California Berkeley geographer and ecologist, Professor Claudia J. Carr, “Humanitarian Catastrophe and Regional Armed Conflict Brewing in the Transborder Region of Ethiopia, Kenya, and South Sudan: The Proposed Gibe III Dam in Ethiopia” analyzes the full scale of impacts of the dam in an already famine-prone region with some of the world's most vulnerable indigenous peoples and one of the world’s most environmentally sensitive regions [which includes UNESCO World Heritage sites].
The project, with late-phase funding and long-term involvement by the World Bank, and no environmental or social review of the full cross-border impact area in a region where the U.S. Geological Survey estimates at high risk for a magnitude 7-8 earthquake, reflects the deeply flawed nature of the development process.
The scale of the threatened human disaster could exceed the Darfur tragedy, with collapse of an estimated half-million indigenous people, plunging the region’s ethnic groups into cross-border violent conflict over vanishing resources – conflict reaching well into South Sudan, as starvation confronts all of them.
The report offers a devastating look at an approval process fueled by the special interests of global finance, mulltinational corporations, and African governments.
Click on the link below to download and read the report.