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Photo story: Inside Egypt's Revolution 

The defining event of the Arab Uprising has been the revolutionary protests in Tahrir Square that brought down Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. One year after the protests began, MRG met with human rights defenders in Cairo to assess the impact of the revolution and prospects for cross-community cooperation. All photographs ©Mark Lattimer/MRG January 2012...

Egypt: Al Kalema Centre condemns attacks against Anba Beshouy monastery 

Al Kalema center for human rights condemn in the strongest terms the attacks that were carried out by the Egyptian army against Anba Beshouy monastery located in Natron Valley. An Egyptian army consisting of 7 armoured personnel carriers accompanied by military police vehicles along with no less than 100 heavily armed soldiers raided the monastery in the morning of Feb. 23 2011 and committed the...

Interview with MRG Director Mark Lattimer: Minorities face attack as revolutions sour in Middle East and North Africa, says new global Peoples Under Threat survey 

EMBARGO: 00.01 (GMT +1) 24 May 2012Peoples under Threat is Minority Rights Group’s annual authoritative rankings table which highlights those countries around the world where the risk of mass killing is greatest.Peoples under Threat is created by compiling data on the known antecedents to genocide or mass political killing. While the individual indicators describe the current situation – what is happening – the index...

Egypt: forceful relocation of Christians from Rafah, Sinai 

Al Kalema Center for human rights (ACHR) condemns in the strongest terms the recent forced relocation of Christian Coptic residents of Rafah, located in Sinai Peninsula. ACHR considers the Egyptian government to bear some responsibility for this situation by advising Christians to move rather than providing them with adequate protection so that they can stay in their homes. If the Egyptian government is to...

Egypt: A Step Back for Minorities in New Draft Constitution? 

My definition of “minorities” is the legal terminology mentioned in international law which protects ethnic, religious and cultural-linguistic minorities. Political minorities, however, are another issue to be discussed. Although the January 25, 2012 Egyptian Revolution began for freedom, social justice, full equality and equal opportunities without discrimination among citizens, Mohamed Morsi’s presidential election victory in June 2012 has hijacked this sentiment, rendering it...

Egypt: Part II - Minorities in the constitution draft, a step back 

Part II of a series of articles reflecting on the drafting of Egypt's new constition, by Mamdouh NakhlaMinorities' fears are rightly aroused by code three of the latest draft of the constitution which states that, 'the principles of legislation of the Jews and the Christians is the main source that discipline their family affairs, their religious affairs, and the electing their spiritual leaders.'This code...

Egypt: Copts "exposed to daily assaults" says Chairman of rights group 

At the fifth session of the UN Forum on Minority Isuues in Geneva, Mamdouh Nakhla gave the following intervention about the status of the Copts in Egypt: "Thank you Mr. President for giving me the word. My name is Mamdouh Nakhla, I am the chairman of the al-Kalema, ”Word”, Organization for Human Rights, I am one of the Coptic minority. The Coptic community is the...

Egypt: Coptic community prepares for coming parliamentary elections  

On Saturday 12th January, human rights activists and members of the Coptic community, invited by AlKalema Center for Human Rights in Egypt, held a conference in a Cairo hotel to discuss a collective action plan to ensure fair representation of the Coptic minority in the next Parliament. The Conference schedule had indicated a discussion over possible strategies to be conducted over the coming parliamentary...

Egypt: Criminal court sentences whole Christian family to hard labour 

The criminal court in Beni Sweif governorate, upper Egypt, on Sunday 13th January 2013, sentenced a whole Christian family of eight people to 15 years of hard labor for changing their religion and their address on their national number identity card. The changes had been made in order to reconvert to Christianity after their mother’s conversion into Islam many years ago and her marriage...

Egypt: Group denounces forced abduction and conversion of Coptic girls 

Watch a video and click on the links below to download a 2011 report of the Association of Victims of Abductions and Enforced Disappearances claiming Egyptian state employees may be involved in the forced abduction and conversion of minor Christian girls, and the testimony of a 17 year-old girl from Alexandria who recounts her experience of abduction at the hands of a gang....

Egypt: Landmark verdict, judiciary repeals Presidential decree on demolition and renovation of churches 

The Court of Administrative Justice, presided by Judge Abdul Majid AlMokten, vice president of State Council, has ruled to cancel Presidential Decree No. 291 of 2005, which delegated district governors the responsibility to license Christian sects to modify or demolish a church and replace it at the same location.Since the President, according to the previous constitution, does not have authority to delegate...

Egypt: Minorities show unity at crucial conference 

The Egyptian Alliance for Minorities held a conference on March 18th at the headquarters of the Al-Tagmoa Party, titled "Religious minorities are stuck between a rock and a hard place - the state and the extremists".The conference received extensive and unprecedented media coverage addressing the systematic persecution of religious minorities since the revolution of January 25th, 2011 and with a focus on...

Egypt: Copts of Wasta face unknown future 

For more than ten days the Christians in Wasta (in Beni Suef province) have been forced to close their shops,Recently, they were allowed to re-open their businesses, but for only one month due to end on April 25th, otherwise the Copts will receive severe punishment and will be forced to leave the city.The trouble started on 19 March when a Muslim girl's family...

Egypt: National Security Department’s actions heighten tension between religious groups 

This past week, Egypt has witnessed a number of important events regarding relations between Egyptian Copts and Salafists that have not been widely broadcasted in the media.On the evening of Thursday 2nd May, several hundred Salafi demonstrators protested outside the headquarters of the National Security Department to denounce what is seen to be an increase in prosecutions against practising Salafis. The protestors claimed that...

Egypt: International Religious Freedom Report welcomed 

The Alkalema Center for Human Rights has welcomed the US State Department’s International Religious Freedoms report, which documents further decline in religious freedoms in Egypt, following the December 22nd 2012 ratification of the new Egyptian constitution. While theoretically the constitution enshrines the right to religious freedom, these provisions are undermined by Egyptian laws, constitutional texts and the policies and practices of the Egyptian government.Although...

Egypt: Controversial laws regulating NGOs result in fines and imprisonment  

The Al-Kalema Center for Human Rights has expressed its shock regarding the recently issued judgment from Cairo Criminal Court, that has found a number of charitable organisations in breach of Egypt’s controversial NGO bill.The bill places strict restrictions upon the funding of NGOs working within Egypt and this case represents a clear sign that the courts are complying with the crackdown. The ruling laid...

Peoples under Threat 2013 photo story: Risk of mass killing reaches critical level in Africa and the Middle East 

Each year, Minority Rights Group’s annual Peoples under Threat survey lists countries where communities are most at threat of genocide or mass killing.The latest survey, launched in July 2013, shows that sectarian killing between Sunni and Shi’a has risen dramatically and presents an urgent threat to life across much of the Middle East and into Asia.According to authoritative indicators factored into the Peoples under...

Egypt: Copts face discrimination & violence in aftermath of coup 

Copts are Egyptian Christians descended from ancient Egyptians who have lived in the Nile Valley for more than 3000 years and were originally called Bajiptos, which was then deviated to Gypt or Copt.Until the Arabs came into Egypt in the middle of the seventh century AD, Copts were speaking the Coptic language, which is derived from Alheirogrovih, the ancient Egyptian language. But the Arab...

Egypt: Christian churches under attack in Minya 

A report, prepared by a team from the Organisation of Justice and Development for Human Rights, has revealed attacks against an Evangelical church and a Catholic church in Malawi district, Minya province, Egypt.Apart from the attacks on the churches, Coptic shops were burned as well as the Malawi court, the museum and the city council building. There was also a failed attempt to torch...

Egypt: International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances 

August 30 is the International Day of victims of Enforced Disappearances.The Egyptian Association of Victims of Abduction and Enforced Disappearances (AVAED) requests that the Egyptian Government endorses United Nations Resolution 65/209: “International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance”.  Today, Friday August 30, the Egyptian Association released a document outlining two cases of disappearance.  The first case, is the disappearance of...


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